Assignment instructions This assignment is an essay assignment intended to test
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This assignment is an essay assignment intended to test knowledge and assimilation of the readings. You may draw evidence to support your argument from other sources, but you must use the course’s required texts and readings as the main sources of evidence to demonstrate your mastery of them.
We have used Betts’ 10 Critiques to guide our investigation of the making of strategy, and we have used our analytical framework comprised of the Nine Constants and Nine Variables of Strategy to evaluate its effectiveness.
Belief 1: Strategy is an Illusion
Eliot Cohen has argued recently that the idea of using a deliberate process of making strategy to anticipate and address in the volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous (i.e., VUCA) times we face is misguided, since the human condition makes it impossible to anticipate the future in any meaningful ways and/or serve as the basis for developing policy that is proactive and effective. In essence, Cohen agrees with Betts that strategy is an illusion.
Belief 2: Strategy is and can be Effective
By contrast, in his recently published and magisterial work, Strategy: A History, the world’s current “Dean of Strategic Studies” Lawrence Freedman offers a definition of strategy that is both simple and sublime: “the art of creating power.” Freedman concludes that the impact of strategy is both discernible and measurable, especially in terms of its impact on the “prevailing balance of power” (Freedman 2013, 608).
The contrast between the beliefs of Cohen and Freedman reflects the contrast we have been exploring in this course between the beliefs of Betts and those of Yarger and Lykke. By this point in the course, we should be ready to determine which position is more valid and able to present our argument in support of our position cogently and persuasively.
To address this conundrum, please provide a response to the following query:
Based upon the case studies and material in this course, is Betts right that the making of strategy is an illusion; or, is Lykke right that the making of strategy is and can be effective?
Your paper must be at a minimum of 10-12 pages (the Title and Reference pages do not count towards the minimum limit).
Scholarly and credible references should be used. A good rule of thumb is at least 2 scholarly sources per page of content.
Type in Times New Roman, 12 point and double space.
Students will follow the current Turabian Style as the sole citation and reference style used in written work submitted as part of coursework.
Must contain evidence from at least two of the historical case studies we have investigated in the course.
Must make reference to at least 4 of the 8 Betts critiques we considered.
Must incorporate meaningfully our analytical framework comprised of the Nine Constants and Nine variables of Strategy into your response.
Points will be deducted for the use of Wikipedia or encyclopedic type sources. It is highly advised to utilize books, peer-reviewed journals, articles, archived documents, etc.
All submissions will be graded using the assignment rubric.
Please see attached materials to be used. Please note:
a-there is an article that has the same name for part 1 “Strategy is an Illusion” please use it!
b-The case studies to be included ” Russo Japanese & Franco Persian war” and there are articles for it with the similar names
c-There is an article for Freedman Called Arms Control.